Sudan and Sri Lanka are two countries that have experienced protracted internal wars. The consequences of the wars have been devastating for human and livelihood security and the overall development of these countries. Both have records of failed attempts to resolve their conflicts by political means. More recently, both have been going through internationally facilitated peace processes which have also been linked to post-conflict development.
The studies in this collection compare these two war-torn countries. Each intra-state conflict has its distinct historical, political, economic and cultural characteristics. Yet there are parallels and similarities between two developing countries in which post-colonial state formation has become mired in prolonged anti-state armed conflict.
This book addresses from different angles and levels the issues of conflict resolution, peace preparation, peopleâ€™s perceptions of the impact of conflict on their lives, war-induced grievances, relief, vulnerability, poverty, livelihood revival and social mobility, and development. This book draws attention to the need to internalize grievances generated by protracted war into processes of conflict resolution and peace building. An underlying message to policy makers is that the consequences suffered by large sections of the civilian populations due to war must be addressed in order to build sustainable peace.
List of Tables, Figures & Boxes
List of Contributors
List of Acronyms
Chapter 1: Civil War, Peace Processes, & Livelihoods by N. Shanmugaratnam
Chapter 2: Building peace in the Sudan: Reflections on Local & Regional Challenges by Leif Manger
Chapter 3: War, Wealth, & Poverty in Southern Sudan by Amalie Hilde Tofte & Ruth Haug
Chapter 4: Socio-Economic Revival & Emerging Issues Related to Land & Customary Institutions in Yirol, Southern Sudan by Frodes Sundnes & N. Shanmugaratnam
Chapter 5: Far from the Battlefield: Livelihood Revival, Settlement & Modernisation among the Hawawir, Northern Sudan by Kjersti Larsen
Chapter 6: Development as a Precursor to Conflict Resolution: A Critical Review of the Fifth Peace Process in Sri Lanka by N. Shanmugaratnam & K. Stokke
Chapter 7: The Dynamics of Livelihood in a War Zone: Mapping Socio-Economic Change in Eastern Sri Lanka by N. Shanmugaratnam
Chapter 8: Impacts of Intra-State Warfare & International Resource Conflicts on Livelihoods of Fishing Communities in Northern Sri Lana by K. Stokke, A.S. Soosai & N. Shanmugaratnam
Chapter 9: Living with War, Preparing for Peace: Between War & Peace in Sri Lanka & Sudan by Ruth Haug.